distributed (human) memory
Not distributed within the mind, distributed across people and other things. The work of Yvonne Rogers in the 1990’s introduced me to the idea of distributed cognition. Here are some examples from my everyday life:
- placing my empty bottles by the front door to remind me to take them to the bottle-bank when I leave the house (memory distributed between bottles and Wendy’s absent mind)
- going upstairs to get my passport, when I get upstairs I’ve forgotten why I went there, going back downstairs and seeing the holiday (excitement level: Amber) details on Darling I remember why I went upstairs. (memory distributed between holiday details on Darling and Wendy’s absent mind)
- At the pub quiz, trying to name a song title from hearing a snippit of the tune, I can only hum the continuation of the tune, another team member can sings the lyrics to my hummed tune, a third team member can now name the band then the fourth team member can remember the song title (memory socially distributed between team members).
- I can’t remember my password as letters and numbers, I can’t remember the layout of a keyboard, when infront of Darlings keyboard I can reliably produce my password (memory distributed between keyboard layout and Wendy’s absent mind). The recent move from US to UK keyboards has been a bit password-disruptive.
- I can’t remember how to get from St Nicolas’s market to Clifton, but when I am in Bristol I can walk the route directly with no trouble whatsoever, very pleasant it is too (Memory distributed between the city-scape and Wendy’s absent mind). Note that the Schrocks recently experienced the way that St. Nicholas market can suprise you by turning out to be exactly where you are wandering.
People, sensibly, strategically delegate the effort involved in constructing some memories to post-it notes, lists, calendars, address books, mobile phones, bag-contents, places, blogs, photoalbums, family and friends.
A die-hard cognitivist might say this is just context-cued recall. Both paradigms provide the means to describe human behaviour, but the approaches to psychological theory building and research are radically different. The cognitivist would attempt to identify the specific cues that work most effectively and assess them in a lab, one specific unusual context, rather than analyse everyday activities in commonly meaningful contexts. These different research techniques would yield different practical, application, recommendations.
The cognitivists make the research language and approach to understanding human behaviour their domain as specialists, ‘everyday’ approaches enable results to be readily recognisable, understandable and communicable to people outside of a specialist discourse. They also afford more meaningful pragmatic applications.
<Essay warning over>
My next essay will probably be on Reading’s buses…